Skinceuticals - Discoloration Defense Serum
Discoloration Defense is a layerable, daily-use dark spot corrector clinically proven to reduce the appearance of key types of skin discoloration, stubborn brown patches and post-acne marks, featuring a synergistic blend of anti-discoloration ingredients: 3% tranexamic acid, 1% kojic acid, 5% niacinamide, and 5% HEPES.
Key Ingredients - 3% Tranexamic Acid, synthetically-derived ingredient minimizes the reoccurrence of skin discoloration and stubborn brown patches with continued use. 1% Kojic Acid naturally produced by certain fungi, kojic acid helps improve skin brightness. 5% Niacinamide, also known as vitamin B3, this water-soluble vitamin is found naturally in yeast, meat, fish, milk, eggs, green vegetables, beans, and cereal grains. It has been shown to help reduce the appearance of skin discoloration, pore appearance and more. 5% HEPES, this synthetically-derived acid activates natural enzymes in skin to help break the bonds that bind dead skin cells to the surface for even exfoliation.
Full Ingredient List - aqua / water / eau, butylene glycol, niacinamide, hydroxyethylpiperazine ethane sulfonic acid, glycerin, tranexamic acid, propylene glycol, hydroxyethyl urea, kojic acid, caprylyl glycol, allantoin, chlorphenesin, xanthan gum, disodium edta.